The Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) comes into force on 8 April 2019, within the same area as the current Congestion Charging Zone (CCZ). Most vehicles will need to meet exhaust emission standards (ULEZ standards) or pay a daily charge, when travelling in central London. If the vehicle does not meet the ULEZ emissions standards and the daily charge is not paid, a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) will be issued to the registered keeper. Cameras will read vehicle number plates as they are driven within the zone to check against the Transport for London (TFL) database. The ULEZ will operate 24 hours a day, every day of the year, including weekends and public holidays.
The ULEZ standards are in addition to the Congestion Charge and the Low Emission Zone requirements (LEZ).
The ULEZ standards are:
• Euro 3 for motorcycles, mopeds, motorised tricycles and quadricycles
• Euro 4 for petrol cars, vans, minibuses and other specialist vehicles
• Euro 6 for diesel cars, vans and minibuses and other specialist vehicles
• Euro VI for lorries, busses and coaches and other specialist heavy vehicles
The vehicle registration document or V5 will identify the vehicles Euro emission standard.
Transport for London have published a list of the vehicles affected by ULEZ and these include cars, small vans, large vans, 4 x 4 light utility vehicles, motorised horseboxes, ambulances, motorcaravans, mini buses, lorries, breakdown and recovery vehicles, snowploughs, gritters, road sweepers, concrete mixers, fire engines, buses and coaches.
TFL say that air pollution is one of the most significant challenges facing London and that transport is the biggest source of the emissions affecting the health of all Londoners. The introduction of the ULEZ will reduce exhaust emissions making central London a safer and more pleasant place to live, work and visit.
Paul Atkinson is a specialist lawyer in operator licensing compliance and road transport regulation. He regularly represents operators before the Traffic Commissioner at public inquiries and in the criminal courts.